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   Government of Canada

Statement from the PHAC (Public Health Agency of Canada

"When traveling outside of Canada, you may be at risk for a number of vaccine preventable illnesses.  You should consult a Health Care Provider or visit a Travel Health Specialist preferably 6 weeks before you travel.  You may need additional vaccines depending on your age, planned travel activities and local conditions.  Preventing disease through vaccination is a lifelong process."



Travel Health Specialists have in-depth knowledge of immunizations, thanks associated with specific destinations, and the implications of traveling with underlying conditions.  Therefore, a comprehensive consultation with a Travel Health Specialist is indicated for ALL travellers and is particularly important for those with complicated health history, special thanks (such as travelling at high altitudes, working in refugee camps, or exotic or complicated itineraries.

Twitter:      @globetravelhlth


Linkedin:    Hans B. Epp

Instagram: epp.hans


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GlobeTravelHealth Travel Tip

May 15th, 2024   

Dengue fever is a mosquito-borne viral infection common in tropical and subtropical regions. Here's a brief summary of its travel health risks:

  1. Transmission: Dengue fever is primarily transmitted through the bite of infected Aedes mosquitoes, especially Aedes aegypti and Aedes albopictus. These mosquitoes are most active during the day, particularly in the early morning and late afternoon.
  2. Geographical Spread: Dengue fever is prevalent in many parts of the world, particularly in tropical and subtropical regions of Asia, the Pacific Islands, the Caribbean, Central and South America, Africa, and parts of the Middle East. Travelers to these regions are at risk of contracting the virus.
  3. Symptoms: Symptoms of dengue fever typically appear 4 to 10 days after being bitten by an infected mosquito and may include sudden onset of high fever, severe headache, pain behind the eyes, joint and muscle pain, fatigue, nausea, vomiting, skin rash, and mild bleeding (such as nose or gum bleeding).
  4. Complications: In severe cases, dengue fever can lead to dengue hemorrhagic fever (DHF) or dengue shock syndrome (DSS), which can be life-threatening. These complications involve severe bleeding, organ damage, and dangerously low blood pressure.
  5. Prevention: There is no specific treatment for dengue fever, so prevention is crucial. Travelers to regions where dengue is endemic should take measures to prevent mosquito bites, such as using insect repellent, wearing long sleeves and pants, staying in air-conditioned or screened-in accommodations, and using mosquito nets while sleeping.
  6. Vaccine: As of my last update in January 2022, there was no commercially available vaccine widely distributed for dengue fever prevention, though research and development were ongoing.
  7. Medical Care: If you develop symptoms of dengue fever during or after travel to an affected area, seek medical attention promptly. Treatment focuses on relieving symptoms and preventing complications. It's important to inform healthcare providers about recent travel to areas where dengue fever is endemic.

Overall, travelers to regions where dengue fever is prevalent should take precautions to prevent mosquito bites and be aware of the symptoms of the disease to seek timely medical care if needed.

GlobeTravelHealth Travel Tip 

March 27, 2023 

"Hey everyone! If you're planning to travel to areas of the world where typhoid is endemic, it's crucial to get vaccinated against the disease. Typhoid fever is a serious bacterial infection that spreads through contaminated food and water, and it can cause high fever, weakness, stomach pain, and other severe symptoms.

Fortunately, there are effective typhoid vaccines that can protect you from the disease.  So, before you embark on your journey, make sure to consult with a Travel Health Specialist about getting vaccinated. This small step can make a huge difference in keeping you healthy and safe while you explore new parts of the world. Remember, prevention is always better than cure, so take the necessary precautions to protect yourself and those around you. Stay safe and happy travels! "

GlobeTravelHealth Travel Tip

March 20, 2023

"Planning to travel to a tropical destination? Don't forget to pack insect repellent! Mosquito-borne diseases like Malaria, Dengue, Chicungunya, and Zika can pose a serious risk to your health. Stay safe and protect yourself from mosquito bites. See a Travel Health Specialist at least 30 days before travel to assess your risks and develop a plan for protection."

GlobeTravelHealth Travel Tip

March 13, 2023

 "Looking forward to your next travel adventure!  Before you go, make sure to get the Hepatitis A vaccine.  Hepatitis A is a highly contagious viral infection that can spread through contaminated food and water in many parts of the world. Getting vaccinated is the best way to protect yourself against this disease, especially if you'll be traveling to areas where Hepatitis A is more common. Don't let a preventable illness ruin your trip or your time after– talk to your Travel Health Specialist like myself today about getting vaccinated before you travel".

Get your booster dose as new Omicron offshoot spreads: Canada's top doctor- Jan. 20, 2023Press Releases - CBC Media Centre

Canada's top doctor is urging people to get their booster shots as COVID-19 activity continues to fluctuate in the country.  Dr. Theresa Tam, Canada's chief public health officer, emphasized that many Canadians who are eligible for a booster dose haven't gotten it yet.



Travel to Canada:  Requirements for COVID-19 vaccinated travellers- UPDATE Sept. 26, 2022

Starting October 1st, 2022, all COVID-19 border requirements, including vaccination, mandatory use of ArriveCAN, and any testing and quarantine/isolation requirements will end for alltrvellers entering Canada whether by land, air, or sea.



COVID-19: Arrival testing in Canada- UPDATED

Upon your entry to Canada by air or at a land border crossing, you may have to complete an arrival COVID-19 molecular test. You’ll complete your arrival test with an approved test provider. Your test provider is based on where you entered the country.

If you have to do an arrival test, you must contact the test provider for instructions on where and when to complete your test. Your test should be completed by the end of the next calendar day.

The arrival test is free.

See below the LINK for all the information whether one is fully vaccinated or NOT against COVID-19 ...



COVID-19 Vaccine Eligibility Criteria MB May 20, 2022

All people in Manitoba aged 5 years and older are eligible for COVID-19 vaccination. This page provides information about vaccine eligibility, guidance for people who are moderately to severely immunocompromised, medical exemptions, recommendations on the type of vaccine people should receive, and other COVID-19 vaccine guidance.  See LINK below for full information.


COVID-19 vaccinated travellers entering Canada

Starting April 1, 2022, pre-entry tests will no longer be required for fully vaccinated travellers entering Canada by land, air or water. Until then, follow the pre-entry test requirements.

CURRENT as of March 18, 2022



COVID-19: Travel, testing and borders

CURRENT as of March 10, 2022




COVID-19 - Global travel advisory

Effective date: December 15, 2021

Avoid non-essential travel outside Canada due to the risk of the Omicron variant that causes COVID-19.

This advisory overrides all other advisories on this page, with the exception of those where we advise against all travel.

Continue to avoid all cruise ship travel outside of Canada.


All travellers will once again need a molecular COVID-19 test before arriving in Canada

Canada will also no longer ban flights from 10 African countries

December 17th, 2021. CBC



 Updated November 26, 2021 5:10 pm
Government of Canada announces adjustments to Canada’s border measures

News release

November 19, 2021 | Ottawa, ON | Public Health Agency of Canada

See LINK below for full details.



Air Canada Now Offering New Portable COVID Self-Test Kits For Travelers Nov. 4, 2021 



Published Thursday, October 14, 2021 4:39PM EDTLast Updated Friday, October 15, 2021 7:25PM EDT











Third Doses of COVID for Manitobans

NEW - October 6, 2021

Third doses are recommended only for very specific circumstances in Manitoba at this time, and are not recommended as boosters for the general population.

Third doses of an mRNA vaccine are available to:  

  • individuals who have only received a viral vector vaccine, such as two doses of AstraZeneca, or a single dose of Janssen (NEW, Oct. 6, 2021);
  • health care personnel who have direct contact with patients, residents or clients (NEW, Oct. 6, 2021);
  • people who are moderately to severely immunocompromised due to a medical condition and/or treatment;
  • people who require a third dose to meet travel requirements at their destination, or
  • individuals who have received one or two doses of a vaccine that is not approved by Health Canada.
  • residents of all personal care homes; and
  • residents and staff of First Nation personal care homes.

The timing of the third dose is generally at least 28 days after the last dose received.  However, it is health care workers and people who have received only viral vector vaccines receive their next dose after a minimum of six months.

COVID-19 vaccines can now be given at the same time as other vaccines.  Oct 4th, 2021
See LINK below for the update on ...
U.S. vaccination requirement for air passengers worries Canadians with mixed vaccines | CBC News. 25.9.2021
See the link below for the full story ...
September 20th, 2021
Pharmacists, Physicians, and Government of Manitoba working together to increase COVID vaccination rates especially in those areas and regions of lower uptake.  See video link below for the News Conference.

NEW - September 15, 2021

Third doses will be available to: 

  • people who are moderately to severely immunocompromised due to a medical condition and/or treatment; 
  • individuals who wish to receive a third dose for travel purposes; and 
  • individuals who have received one or two doses of a vaccine that is not approved by Health Canada. 

People who are moderately or severely immunocompromised include those who:

  • are receiving active chemotherapy (or immunotherapy) for cancer;
  • have received a solid organ transplant and are currently receiving chemotherapy or other immunosuppressive therapy;
  • were born with moderate or severe dysfunction of their immune system;
  • are living with untreated or advanced HIV-AIDS; or
  • are taking certain medications that severely affect the immune system.   

The following people should talk to their doctor about the risks and benefits of an additional dose:

  • receiving hemodialysis or peritoneal dialysis;
  • on the list to receive a solid organ transplant; or
  • have a ventricular assist device.    

People who are immunocompromised can be immunized by their health care provider. 

Individuals who would like to receive a third dose for travel purposes must be vaccinated by their health care provider and go through an informed consent process or present a prescription to a pharmacist. 

Additional doses for people who have previously been vaccinated with vaccines not approved by Health Canada can be administered at supersites, pop-ups or mobile clinics, or by a health care provider. 


 Click on LINK for more information



Summary of National Advisory Committee on Immunization (NACI) rapid response: Additional dose of COVID-19 vaccine in immunocompromised individuals following a 1- or 2-dose primary series

Publication date: September 10, 2021

Click on Link for more information ...



CANADA COVID-19: Travel, testing, quarantine and borders.   Sept 7, 2021

Click on Link for more information ...

 Canada approves Moderna's COVID-19 vaccine for adolescents  August 27, 2021

Click on Link for more information ...




AUGUST 11, 2021 / 04:16 PM

Canada planning COVID-19 vaccine passport for international travel









Before the passport can be created Ottawa needs to agree on a common approach with the 10 provinces and three northern territories, which are responsible for inoculations against COVID-19.

It “is a key step forward in ensuring Canadians will have the documents they need once it is safe to travel again,” Immigration Minister Marco Mendicino told reporters.

The European Union has a vaccine passport system that allows people to travel freely within the region. A number of other countries are working on vaccine passports for both domestic use and international travel.

Canada has one of the best inoculation records in the world. As of July 31, 81% people aged 12 and over had received one shot and 68% had been given two.

Reporting by David Ljunggren; Editing by David Gregorio

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